Domestic Violence Injunctions

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Miami Domestic Violence Injunction Attorney

Domestic violence has been an increasing problem in the State of Florida over the past few years.  Domestic violence can result from many problems including infidelity, financial stress, or anger problems. 

If an individual has been the victim of domestic violence, or has “reasonable cause to believe he or she is in imminent danger of becoming the victim of domestic violence”, a Petition for Injunction for Protection Against Domestic Violence can be filed in Circuit Court. 

What is an Injunction? 

An injunction is an order from the court that specifically directs an individual to stay away from another person or their property.  It is also commonly referred to as restraining order or protective order. There are five types of injunctions that a victim of domestic violence can file in Florida.  They are: 

Each injunction requires different proof for a court to grant a permanent injunction. The burden of proof is always on the person that filed the injunction, the “Petitioner”.  The person that gets served with the injunction is called the “Respondent”. 

After the Petitioner files the injunction, the Judge only reviews the facts alleged in the Petition.  No testimony is taken from the Petitioner.  The Judge then determines if there is a sufficient basis to grant a temporary injunction.  If the Judge grants a temporary injunction, the case will be set some time within 15 days for a permanent injunction hearing. 

What is Domestic Violence? 

Under Fla. Stat. 741.28, “domestic violence” means any:

It should be noted that a Petitioner can prove domestic violence regardless of whether criminal charges were filed, reduced, or dismissed by the State Attorney’s Office. 

Who can File a Domestic Violence Injunction?

Any person who is the victim of domestic violence, or “has reasonable cause to believe he or she is in imminent danger of becoming the victim of domestic violence”, has standing to file a petition in court against their family or household member. 

However, a Petitioner can only file for a domestic violence injunction against their “family or household member” which means their spouse, former spouse, persons related by blood or marriage, persons who are presently residing together as family or who have resided together in the past as family, and persons who are parents of a child in common regardless of whether they have been married. 

In addition, with the exception of persons who have a child in common, the family or household members must be currently residing or have in the past resided together in the same single dwelling unit. 

What Happens at a Domestic Violence Injunction Hearing?

At a domestic violence injunction hearing, the Petitioner must prove that the Respondent committed an act of domestic violence or he or she has reasonable cause to believe he or she is in imminent danger of becoming the victim of domestic violence.  To prove his or her case, the Petitioner can testify, call witnesses, or introduce evidence to the court.  The Respondent, or his or her attorney, then will be given the opportunity to cross-examine the Petitioner’s witnesses or make objections to the evidence.

After the Petitioner’s case has concluded, the Respondent can testify, call other witnesses to testify, or offer evidence to the court.  However, it is important to note that the Respondent is under no obligation to prove anything since the burden of proof lays with the Petitioner.  In fact, in many cases, it is advisable for the Respondent to invoke his or her 5th Amendment right to remain silent if there could be the potential for self-incrimination.  This decision should always be made after consultation with a seasoned criminal defense attorney.

After conclusion of the Respondent’s case, the Judge will make a determination whether the Petitioner has proven his or her case.  

What are the Consequences of a Domestic Violence Injunction?

If the Judge determines that the Respondent has committed an act of domestic violence, or the Petitioner is in imminent danger of becoming the victim of domestic violence, then a permanent injunction will likely be granted.  While a permanent injunction can be granted for any period of time, it is typically granted between one year to indefinitely. 

In addition to ordering no contact with the Petitioner, the Judge can also order a Respondent to complete Florida’s batterer’s intervention program, a drug/alcohol or mental health evaluation followed by any recommended treatment, and/or a parenting class.  A permanent injunction also prohibits the Respondent from owning or possessing a firearm. 

What Happens if I Violate a Domestic Violence Injunction?

Violating a Domestic Violence Injunction can lead to serious consequences including being held in contempt of court, an extension of the underlying injunction, or criminal charges. 

Do I Need an Attorney for a Domestic Violence Injunction?

You are not required to have an attorney for a domestic violence injunction. You also won’t be provided an attorney like you would if you were facing criminal charges.  However, it is highly advisable to retain an experienced criminal defense attorney for a permanent injunction hearing.

As stated previously, permanent injunctions have serious consequences including being entered on your public record, losing your right to own a gun, and potential jail time or immigration consequences upon injunction violations. 

Find an Attorney for Domestic Violence Injunctions in Miami, FL 

If you were served with a Domestic Violence Injunction in Miami, FL, or anywhere in Miami-Dade County, contact a highly skilled criminal defense attorney to protect your best interests. 

Our criminal defense attorney, E.J. Hubbs, is very experienced in handling domestic violence injunction cases.  He is also board certified in criminal trial law, making him an expert in the field. 

At Hubbs Law Firm, we fight to protect the rights of clients who are served with any injunction, including Sexual Violence Injunctions, in Miami, Doral, North Miami, South Miami, Westchester, Coral Gables, Kendall, Palmetto Bay, Pinecrest, Homestead, and anywhere else in Miami-Dade County.

Call us today at (305) 570-4802 to schedule a free initial consultation to discuss your case.

Additional Resources 

National Domestic Violence Hotline – Founded by the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the National Domestic Violence Hotline provides information and help for domestic violence victims 24 hours a day 7 days a week by phone call, text, or chat.

Miami-Dade County State Attorney’s Office- the Miami-Dade State Attorney’s Office files criminal charges and prosecutes individuals charged with domestic violence related crimes.

Florida Courts- Find information on filing domestic violence injunctions in the State of Florida.

Department of Children and Families (DCF) get information from the Department of Children and Families who is the main Florida law enforcement agency in charge of protecting children who are victims of domestic violence. 

Miami-Dade Clerk of Court -find information on filing domestic violence injunction in Miami, FL.

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Attorneys E.J. & Erika Hubbs

As professional Miami criminal defense attorneys, we take every case personally give every client the deliberate care it deserves. Our clients become part of our family and we fight relentlessly for their rights. Read more about us to find out how we can help you.

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